Canada Immigration News 2019
Because of several well-documented reasons, Canada has been a very popular immigration destination for years. The demand for skilled professionals, the warm and welcoming community, the transparent application process, and the political and social stability that Canada promises – all of these have ensured that people across the world look to emigrate to Canada in the search for a better future for their families. The rules governing the application for immigration are very clearly and consistently laid out, and every year a report on the structure and criteria is presented to the Canadian Parliament.
Canada Immigration Levels Plan: 2019 – 2021
Earlier this year, a Supplementary Information report was submitted for the period 2019 – 2021, and this would replace the earlier report submitted in 2017. This report would continue Canada’s drive towards diversity and inclusiveness while strengthening the Canadian middle class without compromising the homeland integrity of the country. Let us look at the main features of this plan.
The first high-level change is that the targets for yearly immigrant intake were increased.
The target for 2019 was increased to 330800, that for 2020 to 341000, and the target for 2021 were increased to 350000. Just to put it in perspective, the target for 2021 is almost 1% of the present population of Canada. Every year there is a cutoff threshold from among the applicants based on the comprehensive ranking system (CRS), and this increase in the targets would ease things a bit for the cutoff scores. These numbers do not include temporary foreign workers who would stay and work in Canada in this period or the students who would come to Canada to pursue a field of study.
The increased target for 2019 is primarily due to the need for alignment to a Government commitment of resettling around 1000 vulnerable women. Of that around 200 or so have already taken place this year. That’s why both the refugee targets as well as the general targets have been increased by 800. A similar bump of around 1000 has been made to the 2020 target on account of the Protected Persons and Dependents Abroad category. The biggest increase to targets has been made in 2021, with 9000 additional admissions anticipated. Of this, around 2500 are expected on humanitarian grounds and 6500 in the economic category. Let us look at the economic category of migrants in a little more detail.
Of the targets in these 3 years, close to 60% would be in this category. Most of the admissions under this category would be done under the Express Entry Program. Some of the application categories under this program are the FSTC (federal skilled trades class), FSWC (federal skilled worker class), CEC (Canadian experience class) etc.
Another important category in the economic programs is called PNP (provincial nominee program), in which the separate provinces of the country also have their own intake. Some of these admissions overlap with the federal programs, but some are exclusive to the respective provinces as well.
In 2019, A large proportion of the targeted intake is expected to be through the spouses of applicants. This broad number would also include sub-categories like common-law partners and dependent children. These numbers would be categorized under Family Class. The last but very important category would be the Refugees and Protected Persons Class. This would target almost 150000 refugees and more than 13000 admissions for humanitarian causes.
Because of its unique geographic, linguistic and social characteristics, the province of Quebec has always been accorded a separate status in the immigration rules of Canada. This includes differences in rules and also numbers. But this year, because of elections in the province of Quebec, these numbers could not be finalized for Quebec. These numbers would be announced later after consulting the new Government. It is expected that Quebec would reduce the targeted admissions during this period from 50000 to 40000.
While submitting the revised plan to Parliament, the Minister of Immigration hoped that this 3-year plan would help Canada attract good talent from around the world so that Canadian businesses could stay competitive. He said that this had been put in motion in 2017, and this 2018 plan would continue the efforts in that direction. The Minister hoped that this immigration plan would also encourage innovation in the country.